bloating before menstruation. What should I do?

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bloating before menstruation. What should I do?

There are many premenstrual symptoms that can vary from person to person, and sometimes the symptoms that occur in the same person may not be the same each month. Common symptoms can be categorized as follows:

Physical premenstrual symptoms include acne, weight gain, increased appetite, headache, muscle aches, breast tenderness, swollen hands or feet, abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, or diarrhea.

Behavioral premenstrual symptoms may include: ยูฟ่าเบท feeling easily tired, lack of concentration, frequent forgetfulness, and decreased sexual desire.

Emotional premenstrual symptoms such as feeling stressed, lonely, confused, anxious, depressed, sad, wanting to cry, mood swings, difficulty controlling emotions, irritability

Causes of premenstrual symptoms

  • From a substance that acts like a hormone called prostaglandin.   During menstruation, prostaglandin causes muscles to contract and spasm.
  • Changes in estrogen and progesterone levels, from a drop in hormone levels about a week before your period, which can cause lower abdominal pain and irritability.
  • Changes in serotonin, a neurotransmitter that affects mood, can cause premenstrual symptoms. If serotonin levels are low, it tends to cause insomnia, irritability, and   increased appetite. However, if serotonin levels are high, it tends to cause chills, headaches, diarrhea, etc.

There are several ways to reduce the chances of experiencing PMS, such as:

  • Exercising regularly can help reduce premenstrual symptoms,   including bloating.
  • Avoid drinking alcoholic and caffeinated beverages.
  • Reduce the consumption of refined carbohydrates such as white rice, sugar, and bread because when eaten, it will cause blood sugar levels to rise rapidly, causing the body to secrete more insulin, resulting in the kidneys being able to excrete less sodium from the body, leading to water retention and bloating.
  • Reduce sodium, reduce salty foods such as salt, fish sauce, frozen foods, instant foods, etc.

There are several ways to cope when symptoms occur, such as:

  • Use medication to relieve symptoms such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) to relieve lower abdominal pain, antacids and gas relievers to reduce flatulence and stomach bloating. Consult a doctor or pharmacist before starting to take medication.
  • Combined hormonal birth control pills to balance hormone levels in the body. You can consult your doctor or pharmacist before starting to use the medication.
  • Be aware of your emotions and if they interfere with your life, see a doctor.
  • Apply a warm compress to the lower abdomen when you have stomach pain, etc.